- The most adjustable of all planes
- Cutting iron is bedded with the bevel facing down, attached to a chip breaker. The chip breaker helps make blades more rigid
- Designed to cut end grain
- Typically small enough to be used with one hand
- Has a lower angle than other planes
- Removes large amounts of wood quickly
- Generally 14 inches long
Shoulder/ Chisel Planes:
- Cutter is flush with the edges of the plane
- Allows trimming right up the edge of a workplace
- Commonly used to clean up dadoes and tenons for joinery
- Typically the last plane used on a wood surface
- 8-10 inches long
- Iron is usually sharpened straight across or at an angle to prevent grooves from gouging wood
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